The Other Half of the Golden Combo: Akio Sugino Interview – Work History & Other Resources (Part 6/6)

Part 5 of this interview can be found here. The corresponding Japanese text of this interview can be found in its entirety here.

Part 5 ends the actual interview, but the source text also includes a table of his works and his roles, some of which were not credited on screen. In the spirit of Frederik Schodt [1], I would appreciate if you take a gander at some of these as I spent a lot of time to compile, translate, and include some footnotes to provide more context for some of these entries—some of which have no prior online presence in English whatsoever as far as I can tell.

After the table, I’ve included a list of other Japanese resources that contain interviews with Sugino. This list is likely not comprehensive—I suspect there may be more interviews in some of the older anime magazines. If you know of any more, let me know and I’ll be happy to add it.


Work History

This table excludes certain compilations that came after the original release. Credits in square brackets were not shown on-screen.

Date Title Production Company Role
Broadcast: 1963-01-01 (start) Astro Boy Mushi Production [Inbetweening]
Broadcast: 1965-10-06 (start) Jungle Emperor [Kimba the White Lion] Mushi Production [Key Animation, Inbetweening]
Broadcast: 1966-10-05 (start) New Jungle Emperor, Go Ahead Leo![2] Mushi Production [Key Animation, Inbetweening]
Broadcast: 1968-02-01 (start) Boy’s Detective Team [Wanpaku Taiteidan] Mushi Production Animation [Animation Director]
Broadcast: 1968-10-03 (start) Sabu and Ichi’s Detective Tales Mushi Production Animation [Character Design, Animation Director]
Theatrical Release: 1969-06-14 A Thousand and One Nights Mushi Production Inbetweening
Production: 1969 Frosty the Snowman (co-production) Mushi Production[3] Key Animation
Broadcast: 1970-04-01 Tomorrow’s Joe Mushi Production Animation Director, [Character Design]
Production: 1970 The Mad, Mad, Mad Comedians (co-production) Mushi Production[4] Key Animation
Production: 1970 The Tomfoolery Show (co-production) Rankin/Bass Productions [Storyboards Clean Copy]
Production: 1970 Mr. Toad Show (co-production) Rankin/Bass Productions [Key Animation]
Broadcast: 1971-10-06 (start) Make Way for Mr. Kunimatsu Mushi Production Animation Director, [Storyboards]
Broadcast: 1972-10-07 (start) The Gutsy Frog Tokyo Movie Key Animation
Broadcast: 1973-03-02 (start) Jungle Kurobē Tokyo Movie Animation Director (Assistant Animation Director)
Broadcast: 1973-10-05 (start) Aim for the Ace! Tokyo Movie Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1974-01-06 (start) Heidi, Girl of the Alps Zuiyo Eizō Key Animation
Broadcast: 1974-04-03 (start) Vicky the Viking Zuiyo Eizō (Nippon Animation), Taurus Film Key Animation
Broadcast: 1974-09-30 (start) Urikupen Rescue Team [Jungle Tales] Tatsunoko Pro, Unimax Character Design
Broadcast: 1974-10-06 (start) The Song of Tentomushi Tatsunoko Pro Animation Director
Screened: 1975-01 The Fire G-Men[5] Yomiuri Eiga-sha Key Animation
Broadcast: 1975-04-04 (start) Star of the Seine Unimax Character Design
Broadcast: 1975-10-06 (start) Ancestor Genius Bakabon Tokyo Movie Animation Director, Key Animation
Broadcast: 1975-10-07 (start) Laura, the Prairie Girl Nippon Animation Key Animation
Broadcast: 1976-04-01 (start) Dino Mech Gaiking Tōei Dōga Original Work, Animation Director
Production: 1976-06 Safety and Happiness Go Hand in Hand [Shiawase wa Anzen to Tomo ni][6] Yomiko Advertising Key Animation
Broadcast: 1976-10-07 (start) Manga Fairy Tales of the World DAX International, World Television Animation [Character Design, Animation Director]
Broadcast: 1977-02-03 (start) Jetter Mars Tōei Dōga Character Design and Supervision, Animation Director
Broadcast: 1977-10-02 (start) Nobody’s Boy: Remi [Homeless Child] Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1978-10-08 (start) Treasure Island Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1979-04-07 (start) Animated Travels: Marco Polo’s Adventures MK, Madhouse Character Model Sheets
Broadcast: 1979-09-08 (start) Aim for the Ace! Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1980-01-06 (start) Tom Sawyer’s Adventure Nippon Animation Animation Director
Broadcast: 1980-04-02 Bark! Bun Bun[7] Wako Pro [Opening and Ending Animation]
Broadcast: 1980-10-09 (start) Bark! Bun Bun Wako Pro [Opening and Ending Animation]
Broadcast: 1980-06-13 Nissei Family Special: Botchan Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director
Production: 1980 Telephone Angel, Telephone Devil, Mind Your Telephone Manners [Denwa no Tenshi, Denwa no Akuma, Denwa no Manā wa Omoiyari][8] Yomiko Advertising [Supervision]
Broadcast: 1980-10-13 (start) Tomorrow’s Joe 2 Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director, [Character Design]
Theatrical Release: 1981-03-14 Unico Sanrio Co., Ltd Animation Director, [Character Design]
Theatrical Release: 1981-07-04 Tomorrow’s Joe 2 Mitsui Eiga, Herald Enterprise, Fuji Eiga, Chiba Kikaku Animation Director, [Character Design]
Theatrical Release: 1982-07-03 Space Adventure Cobra: The Movie Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1982-10-07 (start) Space Adventure Cobra Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director
Theatrical Release: 1983-05-28 Golgo 13: The Professional Tokyo Movie Shinsha, Film Link Animation Director
Broadcast: 1983-07-11 (start) Cat’s Eye Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, [Opening and Ending Animation]
Theatrical Release: 1984-03-17 Oshin Sanrio Co., Ltd Character Design
Sale: 1985-07-25 (start)[9] Mighty Orbots (co-production) (all 6 episodes) Tokyo Movie Shinsha[10] Character Design, Animation Director
Production: 1986 Sweet Sea (co-production) Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1986-07-31 Nayuta Nayuta Project, Circus Production Character Design, Animation Director
Theatrical Release: 1986-11-01 They Were Eleven! Kitty Films Character Design
Production: 1987 The Blinkins: The Bear and the Blizzard (co-production) Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Production: 1987 Nemo Pilot Film Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Theatrical Release: 1988-07-09 Aim for the Ace! 2[11] Bandai, Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1988-07-25 (start) Aim for the Ace! 2 (all 6 episodes) Bandai, Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1988-09-01 Divine Guardians of this World: The Pīhyorō Family [Gensei Shugoshin P-hyoro Ikka] (all 3 episodes) Kamakura Super Station, Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1989-03-25 (start) Nightsong of Splendor [Kasei Yakyoku] Movements 1-4 (all 4 episodes) Tokuma Japan, Magic Bus Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1989-10-14 (start) Darkness of the Sea, Shadow of the Moon Chapters 1-3 (all 3 episodes) Bandai, Kamakura Super Station, Movic, Visual 80 Animation Director
Sale: 1989-10-25 (start) Aim for the Ace! Final Stage (all 6 episodes) Bandai, Tokyo Movie Shinsha Character Design
Production: 1989 Disney’s Adventures of the Gummi Bears (co-production) Walt Disney Television Animation Animation Director
Sale: 1990-04-25 (start) Burning Blood (all 3 episodes) Bandai, Madhouse Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1990-12-25 Sword for Truth [Shuranosuke’s Demon Slaying Sword Vol. 1: The Man with the Death Sickle Crest] Promise, Tōei Dōga Character Design, Animation Director
Broadcast: 1991-03-25 (start) Galaxy High School (co-production) Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director
Broadcast: 1991-07-14 (start) Dear Brother NHK, NHK Enterprises, Tezuka Pro Animation Director, [Character Design]
Broadcast: 1991-10-03 (start) Reporter Blues (co-production) Tokyo Movie Shinsha, RAI Animation Director
Sale: 1992-12-21 Treasure Island Memorial: the Man Called the Evening Calm KSS, Tokyo Movie Shinsha Animation Director
Broadcast: 1993-08-06 NHK Special – The First Train to Hiroshima: 300 Notes from the Experience of the Atom Bomb NHK, Tezuka Pro, Madhouse [Animation Direction Assistance]
Sale: 1993-12-21 (start) Black Jack Karte I-VII (all 7 episodes) Tezuka Pro, Akita Publishing, Forte Music, and others Character Design, Animation Director
Production: 1994 Osamu and Musashi Tezuka Productions Character Design
Production: 1995 Butchy in the City Tezuka Productions Character Design
Theatrical Release: 1996-10-30 Black Jack: The Movie Tezuka Productions, Shochiku Character Design, Animation Director
Production: 1996 Ozbel and the Elephant[12] Tezuka Productions Character Design, Animation Director
Broadcast: 1997-04-01 (start) In the Beginning: The Bible Stories [Osamu Tezuka’s Old Testament Stories] Tezuka Productions Animation Director
Broadcast: 1997-04-09 (start) (until episode 18) Hakugei: Legend of the Moby Dick Tezuka Productions Key Animation
Theatrical Release: 1997-08-01 Jungle Emperor Leo Tezuka Productions, Shochiku Character Design, Animation Director
Sale: 1998-05-21 Golgo 13: Queen Bee BMG Japan, Film Link, Good Hill Vision Character Design, Animation Director
Broadcast: 1998-10-21 (start) Hakugei: Legend of the Moby Dick Tezuka Productions Original Work, Animation Director

Other Resources


  1. At Otakon 2017, I sat in a small audience for Frederik Schodt’s panel Creation of The Osamu Tezuka Story: How the definitive manga biography of Osamu Tezuka was created, and ultimately translated and published in English. He explained the herculean task of translating list of Osamu Tezuka’s work in the appendix of the biography. Part of the difficulty of course stems from Tezuka’s extraordinary productivity, but many of the referenced resources are long out of print and quite obscure. Tezuka Productions even told him not to worry about it but Shodt insisted on being as thorough as possible. At the panel, Schodt told us he would very much appreciate if we flipped through the appendix given all the work he put into it. Of course, the table of Sugino’s works here pale in comparison to the one Schodt translated.

  2. There was an American broadcast of this show with sweeping changes and rewrites. Wikipedia has more information here.

  3. Co-production with Rankin/Bass Productions.

  4. Co-production with Rankin/Bass Productions and Bruce Stark.

  5. The Fire G-Men is a 16mm education short film proposed and planned by The General Insurance Association of Japan. It is about avoiding fires. You can watch it on YouTube here.

  6. Safety and Happiness Go Hand in Hand is 20 minute educational animated short color film aimed towards elementary schoolchildren and older. It explains how to safely use gas in the household. Currently it is available for rent at the Tokyo Metropolitan Library in 16mm film for registered groups of the city. It is also accessible for the hearing impaired. More information can be found on corresponding Japanese page at the Tokyo Metropolitan Library website here, under entry B0605.

  7. Prior to the October 1980 TV series broadcast, a TV special of Bark! Bun Bun was aired on April 1980 that comprised three episodes, supposedly unrelated to the TV series plot. The TV special received favorable ratings, which led to the production of the TV series.

  8. Telephone Angel, Telephone Devil, Mind Your Telephone Manners is presumably an educational short film about the importance of telephone manners. Apparently Yoshiaki Kawajiri drew the storyboards and did some animation work for this—I’d like to believe they were as nightmare inducing as his work on Unico in the Island of Magic. Atsuko Fukushima also did the character designs, although she says that Sugino designed the main character in a 2001 Japanese interview.

  9. Japan sale date.

  10. Co-production with MGM Television.

  11. According to Japanese Wikipedia, this was an early movie compilation of the earlier OVA episodes, as Aim for the Ace! 2 was not yet complete.

  12. According to Japanese Wikipedia this was an HDTV Test Film.

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